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Rijckholt flint

Material name: Rijckholt or Ryckholt flint
Synonyms: Lanaye-Lixhe flint, Rijckholt Vuursteen
Material (geologic): Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) flint

Detail of typical Rijckholt flint
Foto: Matthias Rummer, 2001

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General characteristics

(In part adapted from Rademakers 1998a and Felder, Rademakers, & de Grooth 1998

Geographical setting: The prehistoric flint mining district of Rijckholt (also spelled Ryckholt)-St. Geertruid lies approx. 6 kilometres SSW of Maastricht in Southern Dutch Limburg. It is located on the first high ground, formed by a ridge of Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) chalk, on the Eastern side of the valley of the river Meuse. In this ridge several members of the Gulpen Formation (for a lithostratigraphical scheme of the region, see the introduction to the ENCI quarry) come very near the surface, only covered by some Pleistocene terrace gravels and loams. A sketch of the local geological situation can be found under http://www.engelen.demon.nl/ryckholt/geologie.html.
Material and colour: N/A
Other information: N/A
Knapping notes: N/A
Archaeological description: N/A

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Rijckholt-St. Geertruid
Locality: Rijckholt-St. Geertruid, Limburg, The Netherlands
Synonyms: Savelsbos, Grand Atelier, Schone Grub, mining site NL 1 according to the catalogue of the museum in Bochum, 3rd edition (Weisgerber et al. (eds.) 1999), FlintSource sample 123
Geographical description: WhereItIs
Geographical co-ordinates: Lat. 50° 47' 44" N
Long. 005° 44' 41" E
(Mapdatum WGS 84)

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Co-ordinate precision: Precision
Other topographical information: HowToGetThere
Additional information: No site picture yet
Visitors information: PlacesToEatAndDrink
Sampling information: N/A
  Typical Rijckholt Feuerstein
Foto: Matthias Rummer, 2001
Large flake of Rijckholt flint
from the prehistoric mining site
size: 100 mm
Flake of dark flint
Foto: Matthias Rummer, 2001
Smaller flake of typical material with some thin cortex
length: 55 mm
  Gebande vuursteen
Foto: Matthias Rummer, 2001
Piece with slight banding under the cortex
size: 64 mm
grey flint
Foto: Matthias Rummer, 2001
Large flake of coarser, lighter flint
size: 106 mm
Sample description: N/A
  Prehistoric flint
Foto: Matthias Rummer, 2001
Large, prehistoric patinated flake
length: 97 mm
Axe flint
Foto: Matthias Rummer, 2001
Flake of typical opaque "axe-flint"
length: 57 mm


Last modified on:
Sometime, 2004
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